Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADHD is one of the most common neurobehavioral
disorders of childhood and can persist through
adolescence and into adulthood.
A person with ADHD has a chronic level of inattention,
impulsive hyperactivity, or both such that daily
functioning is compromised. The symptoms of
the disorder must be present at levels that
are higher than expected for a person's developmental
stage and must interfere with the person's ability
to function in different settings (e.g., in
school/work and at home). A person with ADHD
may struggle in important areas of life, such
as peer and family relationships, and school
or work performance.
According to the Diagnostic and Statistical
Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR), the
symptoms of ADHD fall into three categories:
Inattention, Hyperactivity/Impulsivity, and
a combination of the two.
Anxiety disorders are the most common of all
the mental health disorders. Considered in the
category of anxiety disorders are: Generalized
Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder, Agoraphobia,
Social Phobia, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder,
Specific Phobia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder,
and Acute Stress Disorder.
Mood disorders cause a disturbance in mood (state
of mind) and include depression and bipolar
disorders. Mood disorders can be devastating
as, depending on their severity, they can emotionally
paralyze people, rendering them unable to work
or attend classes or even enjoy the most basic
things. Mood disorders can also disrupt appetite
and sleep patterns and an individual's sense
of well-being. It is not known why some people
suffer from mood disorders while others do not.